My Unsolicited Dissertation on The Matrix, Part 4

19 05 2017

The Matrix Trilogy: Truth

“There is no spoon.”

Several years ago I started writing these long winded posts about The Matrix trilogy, because I like the movies a lot, and I’ve always felt they don’t get enough credit for the challenging questions they raise. My plan was to write four posts, one for each of four words that recur significantly in the movies’ clipped dialog, and which reflect the primary themes of each movie: Belief (The Matrix), Choice (The Matrix Reloaded), Purpose (The Matrix Revolutions) and Truth (the trilogy as a whole).

But after I got through recapping the films and analyzing the first three themes, I found I had nothing much to say about Truth. I tried a few times, but never got very far, and after awhile I quit trying.

That was in 2011. We are living in a different world now.

In the films, there is the Real World, the Truth; and there is the Matrix, a virtual reality, a fiction, an utterly convincing illusion. We human beings have always had our convincing illusions, but they have never been more powerful than they are today. We know this because different segments of the population live according to different, and incompatible, realities. Climate change, vaccines, gun violence, police violence, immigrants, gender, health care, the EU, Donald Trump, Hilary Clinton — people in different camps have polar opposite views of these things. Presumably only one viewpoint can line up with objective Truth. The other viewpoint must be a fiction. But for those who believe, it is true. The illusion on one side is just as much a guiding principle as the truth is on the other side. Whether it’s objectively true or fictional, the preferred belief is perceived and experienced as fact. We are embedded in our chosen realities as fully as any coppertop in the Matrix.

I’m not going to get into which of our competing realities is the most real. I’m just here to lay down the long-not-awaited conclusion to my unsolicited dissertation. I’m going to try to find the role and the meaning of Truth in the Matrix trilogy. You can decide how much bearing it has on real life.

In my post about The Matrix: Revolutions, I concluded that belief, choice, and purpose are intertwined. Each theme is a lens looking at the same thing: the exercise of free will. Humans make choices, informed by belief (itself a choice), according to and in search of purpose. The words “belief,” “choice,” and “purpose” crop up in all three films, but each occurs with emphatic weight and frequency in only one. The word “truth” has more or less equal emphasis throughout the trilogy. Truth exists separately from free will. One hopes and assumes that one’s Beliefs, Choices, and Purpose align with the Truth, but it is not necessarily the case.

As Morpheus says to Neo when he is first acclimating to the Real World, “What is real? How do you define ‘real’? If you’re talking about what you can feel, what you can smell, what you can taste and see, then ‘real’ is simply electrical signals interpreted by your brain.” Our senses are all we have to go on. If they can be manipulated — if we can’t trust them — then we can never be certain of what’s real. But second-guessing our senses is useless. There is no external frame of reference we can access. We have no choice but to accept what we sense and do our best.

Cipher embraces the concept of sensory reality. He is fed up with the misery of the Real World, and conspires with the Machines to betray his comrades in exchange for the chance to re-enter the Matrix. He knows his actions will cause his crew to die and humanity to remain in bondage. he also knows that once the Machines wipe his memory, nothing outside of the Matrix will be real anymore — not in any sense that will matter in his daily virtual life. His plan fails, but he raises a crucial question. Is there any meaningful difference between personal truth and objective Truth?

“Yes” is the strongly implicated answer. The Machines and their virtual slave engine are clearly the bad guys. The Resistance are clearly wiser and more powerful then the sleepers still plugged into the Matrix. But as we learn in The Matrix Reloaded, Truth is elusive, and illusions come in layers. The Resistance believe they know what’s true and what isn’t, because they’ve broken out of one imprisoning fiction. However, larger illusions still grip Morpheus, Neo and the others. The revelation that The One is another control mechanism create by the Machines almost shatters Morpheus. Discovering that he can hack into machines from the Real World, wirelessly, puts Neo in a coma. The Resistance may have peeled back one very powerful illusion, but can they claim to know the Truth any more than those still victimized by the Matrix?

The Matrix Reloaded ends with Neo breaking a cycle of control — the Machines’ narrative of the One — that has been in place for generations. The Matrix Revolutions deals with the fallout of breaking that cycle. The humans are more enlightened than they ever have been since the Machines took over. They finally have some leverage on the Machines. Neo and Trinity fight their way to the Mainframe, and Neo is able to negotiate for peace. To reach that point, Neo and the others had to break through layers of deception. But Truth is not invalidated just because more illusions remain. It is true that the Matrix is a lie, and a prison. Everyone in the Resistance has to absorb that truth before they can have any notion of resisting. Misconceptions about the One don’t change the relationship between the Matrix and the Real World.

Pure Truth may be unattainable, ever receding like a mirage (how’s that for irony?). Still, there is value in piercing each illusion, even if another one waits beyond it. New discoveries and baffling new questions arise in all the sciences, but only through the use of ever more advanced tools and practices, built on previously unearthed truths. We may not understand all the building blocks of the universe, but that’s no reason to abandon what we do know. The Earth is still round. Opposite charges still attract.

The pursuit of  Truth — the endless, arduous struggle to understand — makes us human. If we passively accept received truth, we give up our free will. We make ourselves tools. We become machines.


Open Letter to Steve Bannon

3 02 2017

Dear Steve Bannon,

What do you think will happen after you smash the state?

Where do you think your water and electricity will come from? Or food for that matter? What’s going to happen if you suddenly need heart surgery?

Seriously, what is the end game here? Do you imagine you can spend the rest of your days safely behind the Secret Service when all other institutions are demolished? Or do you plan to found and live in your own fortified Woodbury? Are you so awash in failures that a wild west fantasy is preferable to reality?

Is this really about some anarcho-free-market utopia? Because setting aside the question of how that would work, I find it very hard to believe you give a shit about society at large.

Do you plan to one day go back to the private sector, doing speaking tours? How is that going to work if you’ve dismantled the private sector?

Do you actually want to revive all that “master race” nonsense, or is that just your vehicle to power? In either case, how do you honestly see that playing out? Because I don’t see many of us putting up with it.

What government overreach hurt you so badly that it’s worth sending soldiers to kill and die in China?

Do you think you can make the National Guard round up all the women who wouldn’t date you and turn them into your sex slaves? Is that the goal you would sacrifice America for?

How do you see this ending? I would really like to know.


Skorpen & Skorpen At The Movies: Cars

30 01 2017

Neal: This surreal, dystopian satire pointedly skewers our society’s commitment to that most inefficient and unhealthy mode of transportation, the single passenger car. Our infrastructure is built around the automobile; Pixar takes this accident of history/tyrannical influence of auto and oil companies to it’s logical extreme, and presents a world literally entirely in service to cars. Whether the human race is extinct or helplessly imprisoned behind the opaque windscreens is left to the viewer to decide. Absurdity and futility are everywhere, but perhaps most perfectly expressed in Lightning McQueen’s Sisyphean task of paving a new road by towing a tar-and-smoke belching monstrosity, which happens to be the single non-sentient vehicular machine in the universe. (Five Kafkas 🐜🐜🐜🐜🐜)

Wyatt: Cars! Lightning! Mater! (Five Hot Rods 🏎🏎🏎🏎🏎)

Stuff I Believe

2 01 2017

Right after the election I read a blog post (now lost to the mists of the internet, my apologies to everyone) about how to prepare to live under a fascist regime. The author, who had spent time in fascist nations, suggested writing down what you believe in. Because fascism works by causing you to question and then forget your own humanity.

I don’t necessarily think we are about to find ourselves under a fascist regime, but the possibility is far stronger than it should be. And we are living in the golden age of disinformation, gaslighting, and doublespeak. So here is what I believe in, or at least a first step in identifying and laying it out.

I believe that our greatest strength as human beings comes from protecting and nurturing those who are most vulnerable.

I believe that hate binds people together as surely as love. When you hate someone, you attach yourself to that person. When you hurt someone, you create a burden that you carry afterwards. Different people are more or less aware of these truths, but they are true for everyone.*

I believe there is a bright line between right and wrong, but it’s different in every situation. There are no absolute guiding principles; yet if we have the strength to be honest with ourselves, we can always tell what’s right.

I believe we are all in this together. I am very upset about this election, I totally disagree with supporting Trump, and I plan to resist everything he represents. But we in this country still have to live with each other. And I believe Trump supporters and Trump opponents are all decent humans who fundamentally want the same things.** In a larger sense, the same goes for the rest of the world.

*Except for those with certain mental illnesses, i.e. sociopaths.

**Those who support Trump out of overt bigotry…to be honest I still think they are decent, under a mountain of psychological damage. But also honestly I have no patience and no tolerance for their shit.


Grief, Fear, Anger, Yes. Guilt, No.

11 11 2016

Nicholas Kristof, who I respect very much and usually agree with, had this to say about the election: “Today, having lost, we owe it to our nation to grit our teeth and give President-elect Trump a chance.” (Full article here.)

Here’s what we owe to our nation. We owe our sick, injured, and disadvantaged access to healthcare. We owe our peaceful, generous, hardworking immigrants a life without fear. We owe it to future generations to care for the planet and the climate. We owe women and people of color the most basic respect as full human beings. Trump’s election is already a blow against all of these things.

Unlike Bush in 2000, Trump won fair and square. There is currently no legal or procedural justification for booting him out (maybe this, but if successful it would almost certainly launch a civil war). So yes, he’s the president. As a civil society, we owe it to our fellow citizens to accept that fact.

But we don’t owe anyone any measure of compromise on Trump’s politics of exclusion. In fact, Democrats (and Republicans of conscience, if such there be) must vigorously oppose such ridiculous and cruel measures as a Muslim ban, mass deportation, and a border wall. We and they must strenuously denounce the violence that Trump has sparked. Real human beings, American citizens innocent of any crime, are fearing for their lives. It’s intolerable. To let it happen without resistance is unforgivable.

The peaceful transfer of power that America basically invented is a rare and precious thing. The institutional framework of our democracy is still worth preserving. In 2008, it was wrong of Mitch McConnell and his fellows to vow opposition to Obama’s every move, just because he was Obama. There is no call for such a vow from us now. But we can and should vow to oppose every move from the coming administration that is un-American. It may amount to the same thing.

If you’re like me, you’ve been in emotional turmoil since election night. I feel like the ground shifted under me overnight, and I’m now living in a nightmare world that I hardly recognize. We on the left are often inclined to look for what part we played in a given event, to see where we might correct our own behavior to improve future developments. That is a mature and healthy attitude. Let’s keep doing that by all means. But it’s also crucial to recognize the limits of our culpability.

I’m angry and scared and heartbroken, but I reject guilt. Could I have done more to avert this appalling outcome? I could have been more active– making phone calls, knocking on doors, donating money. I could have supported Bernie instead of Hillary. I could have recognized the information from pollsters as unreliable. I could have spent the last 20 years trying to educate my political opponents rather than lashing out at them.

But I didn’t vote for Trump. Other people did. Millions of them. People with free will and sound minds. We could have a long discussion about what lead them to do that, but they did it, not us.

Lots of things went wrong and lots of institutions failed in order to put an entitled thug in the White House. This campaign and election upended every expectation, at every stage. So don’t blame yourself. Learn from mistakes, try something different next time, but be clear about where your responsibility begins and ends.

I’m still struggling to understand what happened and why. I think liberals have had a string of victories in the “culture wars” that left large parts of the population feeling under siege. We have run roughshod over their beliefs while we fought to enshrine our principles into law. Right or wrong, there are consequences.

So we do have a part to play in healing the divide in our country. In every conflict, someone has to make the first move toward peace, and it does no good to wait for the other side to do it. But don’t let the troglodytes use your urge to self-examination against you. It’s not compromise and it won’t be peace if we try to meet scorched earth with self-effacing generosity.

Somehow we need to make a space in our worldview for our fellow citizens who don’t share our principles. But that absolutely does not mean we let go of our principles.

It’s easy to feel alone and defeated right now, but we are still half the country. More of us voted for Hillary than they voted for Trump. This statement from the government of California is very encouraging. Harry Reid’s statement is a shocking piece of candor from the habitually spineless Democratic Congress. We are many, and we still have power, and we appear to be waking up to the truth at long last.

What’s needed now is vigilance, resistance, and defense of the vulnerable. Trump has spent months telling us exactly the kind of president he will be. So, no. He doesn’t get a chance. Insanity doesn’t get a chance. Un-Americanism doesn’t get a chance. We won’t heal the divide by letting them walk all over us. Some people very deliberately worked to get us here. Don’t let them off the hook for the hate crimes that have already started.

I would finish by saying we’ll get through this, but honestly I don’t know. This is different than the crises we’ve weathered before. All I can say is, we are called to be the best people we can be, wiser and stronger than we ever thought possible. It’s necessary. Now is the time.

Walking Dead, You’re Dead To Me

25 10 2016

Well I said I would tune in for season 7, despite how the season 6 finale left me feeling bullied and scammed. Thankfully, however, I read this recap of the season 7 premiere, saving me the worthless agony of sitting through it. I see no reason to believe the rest of season 7 will improve things. Clearly the show is just cheap shock torture porn now. I find such stuff repulsive. I will have nothing to do with it.

It’s too bad the show became terrible before it became over. Became a shambling lifeless shell of it’s former self even, if I may belabor a metaphor. Actually the show is less a directionless zombie, and more the cynical sociopath that ruins Rick and co.’s lives every 6 episodes or so. OK for you The Walking Dead, but I’ve got no time for the Neegans of this or any other world.

We’ve Got a Big Problem

8 10 2016

It’s starting to look like Trump is done. Not that anyone should relax their vigilance– Frith knows anything can happen in the next month– but the leaked audio of Trump and Bush seems to have caused a real shift in the campaign. So we probably won’t have to deal with the national shame of Trump in the White House…but every other threat he represents will remain undiminished when Hillary Clinton is sworn in. Trump himself may go away (he won’t; I shudder to think what his next step might be) but he’s not the problem. The real problems are many and complicated, and we have to deal with them.

I certainly don’t have all the answers. But we have to take a hard look and try to understand what brought us here. Here are some things to consider, in no particular order.

  1. the left behind. I’m as guilty as anyone of passing judgement on Trump’s supporters, but the fact is, there are real grievances behind the urge to blow up the whole system with a wild card outsider. We used to have a job market in which a high school graduate could comfortably support a family. For a lot of reasons, that’s not the case anymore. Employers have been racing to the bottom for decades, and they’ve reached that finish line, and tunneled ever deeper. It shouldn’t be so hard to earn a decent living.
  2. education/information/media. Trump is a buffoon with no political skills whatsoever. And he secured a major party nomination, and briefly polled at close to 50%. What if, as well as a narcissist and sociopath, he had been the least bit charming? What if he had a modicum of self control? Because that person exists. That person is in an elected office right now. And Trump has just published the cheat codes for the presidential campaign. We need to immunize our population against that up and coming demagogue right now. We need to find a way to get past toxic anti-intellectualism, resistance to facts, contempt for experts. I don’t know how we do that. It’s a big job. I think it involves changing the culture of public education, changing how we receive and disseminate information, changing how the media defines and upholds objectivity.
  3. the Republican party. My Republican friends, I understand you live by certain principles that cause you to vote Republican, or maybe just oppose Democrats. That’s great. That’s the whole point of democracy– one of us doesn’t decide what happens. Instead we all discuss, and try to find a compromise. I’m down with that. But as an institution, the Republican party has utterly failed this country. Elevating a jackass like Trump to a contender for the presidency was nothing but cowardice and raw cynicism. It can’t go unpunished. We can’t set a precedent that such abject sycophancy is ok. Our leaders must, at bare minimum, stand up for human decency. Failing that, they must be thrown out.
  4. the Democratic party. For the reasons stated above, I dearly hope that this election torpedoes Republican majorities in Congress as well as putting Hillary in the Oval Office. But I don’t relish the idea of one party being in charge–again, see above, the whole point of democracy. And without question, the Democratic party has it’s share of corruption and failure. We need to hold their feet to the fire, especially if the main opposition party loses it’s teeth.
  5. electoral reform. Basically it’a an open secret that our elected officials don’t represent us anymore. There are ways we could address this. Unfortunately they mostly involve those in power jeopardizing their own power. Still, there are clear steps we could take; use ranked choice voting, reassess the electoral college, undo gerrymandering, increase voter access instead of restricting it, increase access for third, fourth and fifth parties, repeal Citizens United, and so on.
  6. civil rights for real. Women are assaulted every day. Minorities are murdered every day. Women are paid less, minorities are hired less. Yeah yeah, white men get murdered too. But bigotry is real, and deep, and wide. It’s disgusting. It’s inexcusable in this day and age. It’s time to wipe it out.
  7. polarization. We don’t have two major political parties, we have two tribes. Tribal affiliation has become more important than truth. This was Donald Trump’s tool. He seized the levers on the right. The next demagogue might just as easily seize the levers on the left. We need to become one country, before we are no country at all.